Companion Planting in the Garden

March 14, 2007 in Frugal Tips, Gardening by admin

By planting certain plants together, or apart, you can keep unwanted insect pests away.It’s called companion planting, and it’s been developed over centuries as a way to naturally protect agricultural plots from pests, either by keeping them away or by attracting things that eat them. A prime example of companion planting is marigold, which can help deter a great many types of bad bugs if planted in the garden, particularly around tomatoes. Herbs such as parsley, garlic and basil are also pungent pest deterrents.

Use the following list to get an idea what plants should and should not be planted near each other:

Table 1. COMPANION PLANTING CHART FOR HOME & MARKET GARDENING (compiled from traditional literature on companion planting)
CROP

COMPANIONS

INCOMPATIBLE

Asparagus Tomato,
  Parsley, Basil
 
Beans Most Vegetables & Herbs  
Beans,
  Bush
Irish
  Potato, Cucumber, Corn, Strawberry, Celery, Summer Savory
Onion
Beans,
  Pole
Corn,
  Summer Savory, Radish
Onion,
  Beets, Kohlrabi, Sunflower
Cabbage
  Family
Aromatic
  Herbs, Celery, Beets, Onion Family, Chamomile, Spinach,
  Chard
Dill,
  Strawberries, Pole Beans, Tomato
Carrots English
  Pea, Lettuce, Rosemary, Onion Family, Sage, Tomato
Dill
Celery Onion & Cabbage Families, Tomato, Bush Beans, Nasturtium  
Corn Irish
  Potato, Beans, English Pea, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Squash
Tomato
Cucumber Beans,
  Corn, English Pea, Sunflowers, Radish
Irish
  Potato, Aromatic Herbs
Eggplant Beans,
  Marigold
 
Lettuce Carrot,
  Radish, Strawberry, Cucumber
 
Onion
  Family
Beets,
  Carrot, Lettuce, Cabbage Family, Summer Savory
Beans,
  English Peas
Parsley Tomato,
  Asparagus
 
Pea,
  English
Carrots,
  Radish, Turnip, Cucumber, Corn, Beans
Onion
  Family, Gladiolus, Irish Potato
Potato,
  Irish
Beans,
  Corn, Cabbage Family, Marigolds, Horseradish
Pumpkin,
  Squash, Tomato, Cucumber, Sunflower
Pumpkins Corn,
  Marigold
Irish
  Potato
Radish English
  Pea, Nasturtium, Lettuce, Cucumber
Hyssop
Spinach Strawberry,
  Faba Bean
 
Squash Nasturtium,
  Corn, Marigold
Irish
  Potato
Tomato Onion
  Family, Nasturtium, Marigold, Asparagus, Carrot, Parsley,
  Cucumber
Irish
  Potato, Fennel, Cabbage Family
Turnip English
  Pea
Irish
  Potato

Source: the National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service